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Laws and Definitions


Supplemental Security Income – A federal program that makes monthly payments to disabled children/adults who have limited income and resources. 1-800-772-1213.

Subsidized Housing

Federally funded, privately owned developments; must apply to each development individually


Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is the monthly cash assistance program for poor families with children under age 18.


Therapeutic staff support services – part of WRAP around service-one-on-one support

WRAP Around Services

Multidisciplinary behavioral and therapeutic supports for children ages 0-21 that places supports in the child’s community, school, and home.

ITP (Individualized Transition Plan)

This written plan start when a special needs child turns 16 years old. The IEP team meets with the student to discuss and plan for future goals including: post-secondary education, vocational training, independent employment, adult services, independent living, and community participation.

Mobile Therapist

A person who provides psychological, behavioral, and family therapy to children in their own home

Public Housing

Federally funded, government-run housing. Must apply at Dept. of Public Housing

SCOH Services

Services to Children in their own Homes – a SCOH worker works individually with a special needs child (mental health needs or medically challenged) in their home and school- through DHS

Section 504 Accommodations

Similar to Chapter 15 – is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. It is not a special education program. Any student with a disability that interferes with a major life activity is qualified for educational services and accommodations. Student does not get an IEP. Conditions include: ADHD; Dyslexia: Severe Asthma; and others.

Section 8

Federally funded vouchers used to subsidize rent in privately owned apartments


General Protective Service- involves neglect, lack of supervision, lack of daily basic needs. Protective service will respond in one to six days.

ICM-Intensive Case Management

Intensive Case Management services provide direct services to children ages 3 through 18 years who display serious emotional disturbances. ICM works to ensure that children and their families utilize natural supports, as well as traditional and non-traditional community resources to develop appropriate relationships with family and caregivers


Individuals with Disabilities Education Act – passed Congress in 1975 to ensure all children with disabilities in the U.S. receive free and appropriate public education (FAPE)- Birth to 3 years old is under Part C of IDEA Act. From third birthday to 1st grade is under Part B:Section 619 of IDEA.


Individualized Education Plan – for 3-21 year olds- more Education Focused


Individual Family Service Plan – written plan for children 0-3 years old with developmental delays and the services they will receive- Family Focused

Chapter 15 Children

These are children who may need special accommodations in school, but not formal special education. These include children with: persitant asthma; seizure disorders; diabetes; mental illnesses; or other health impairments that affects activities of daily living.


Child Protective Service- all abuse categories (physical, sexual, emotional, neglect. Protective services will respond immediately or within 24 hours.


Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment – Works in conjunction with Medicaid to screen for conditions that interfere with normal childhood development and learning- 1-800-543-7633.


Gifted Individualized Education Plan (GIEP). Developed for mentally gifted students (students with an I.Q. >130, or students with an I.Q. <130 that meet other educational criteria.